The IEEE Communications Society History committee organized a special panel at IEEE GLOBECOM 2022 to celebrate the 70th anniversary of ComSoc. The panel featured well known individuals in communications technology as speakers who recognized communications leaders who had been instrumental in advancing communications and also ComSoc, but who had died in 2022. Looking at their lives and careers made communications technology come alive.
When your phone is turned on, it says ALOHA - A Tribute to the AlohaNET pioneers. In Memoriam: Norman Abramson, Professor Emeritus of Electrical Engineering at the University of Hawa’ii and ALOHAnet co-founder.
Megatrends in Wireless Communication include electrification; data, bandwidth, latency, automation, and AI; along with current technologies and future requirements. These Megatrends have broad implication across the Communications space and will influence the upcoming releases of the existing IEEE Networks Generation Roadmap (INGR). The panelists will describe: - What is a Technical Roadmap, and what is currently included in the INGR - A current view of Communication Megatrends - How these Megatrends may influence future INGR releases - Opportunity for the Communications Industry to incorporate Megatrends into the INGR roadmap Note: One or more presenters may be remote.
This panel include experts from world leading industries to identify what has been achieved so far and what is still to be done for boosting current production processes through mission-critical wireless networks. This panel will help both academic and industrial communities to prioritize their backlog for more focused effort towards the most needed solutions for 5G and beyond, focusing on open problems and forward-looking use cases.
This Executive Forum is on "The Future of Communication Networks in Developing Countries".
The exploitation of the large portions of available spectrum in the sub-THz band (90-300GHz) is one of the most promising directions for enhancing the capacity of current wireless access networks. However, several formidable technological, societal, and business challenges need to be addresses, in particular related to the development of economically attractive and energy efficient solutions. A part from its obvious impact in terms of costs and range of use cases, energy efficiency is a crucial parameter in the context of the ambitious climate targets imposed, for instance, by the German and Brazilian governments. Addressing these challenges requires a complete rethinking of the entire value chain of communication systems, and hence a continuous interaction between academia, industry, government, and public interest organizations. Furthermore, possible synergies with new promising paradigms such as reflective intelligent surfaces (RISs) or integrated sensing and communication (ISAC) need to be explored. Following the above spirit, this panel will bring together experts from top Brazilian institutions, and prominent partners of the German 6G Research & Innovation Cluster (6G-RIC). The 6G-RIC is a research hub designed to provide scientific and technical foundations for the next generation of mobile communications, and it is financed by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research of Germany. It is based on the interdisciplinary and coordinated collaboration of a total of 32 research groups from 20 universities and research institutions, supported by more than 60 associated partners from science, industry, and governing bodies.
Localization technologies have advanced rapidly in recent years. Within 3GPP, support for localization started in 3G and early 4G to meet coarse outdoor emergency response requirements and evolved in LTE-Advanced to accommodate the burgeoning commercial applications. 5G localization aims to satisfy very tight accuracy, latency and reliability requirements of multiple verticals like Industry IoT and V2X, covering both indoor and outdoor scenarios. Presently in the research domain, much work is done to include AI/ML techniques for improving the accuracy and reliability of localization. There is also huge interest in passive localization or sensing as a beyond 5G or 6G technology - using the radar like properties of the higher frequency mm-wave and THz bands. While these developments open up opportunities for novel services and applications, they also raise ethical questions about handling of sensitive data and user privacy. 3GPP is also responding to these research developments, with 5G- Advanced study items and use case/requirements definitions on these topics included in the current Release 18. At this critical juncture, where rapid progress made within the last few years can be outpaced by the new challenges and opportunities, we propose this Industry panel on localization and sensing. We will have 3GPP subject matter experts from key industry players and leading research professors to share their views on this intriguing topic.
Simulation and emulation capabilities have significantly improved with the advances in compute power in the last few decades. Many applications are utilizing the power of enhanced simulation and emulation, but the wireless network quickly becomes an application that can maximize these tools due to its ever-increasing scope, scale and expanding requirements. As new network topologies are explored and the complexity of the network increases, these network tools can harness the capabilities of Digital Twins to evaluate wired and wireless network functions, design resiliency, and validate network design. This spike in complexity in network topologies is happening in tandem to the need flexible and adaptive research platforms that are capable of iterating and scaling from 5G to 6G and beyond in order to deliver novel technical results but still be useable by the larger research community. Digital twins, measurement and data fed simulations and models, offer an infrastructure to meet the rapid acceleration of design challenges that face a research ecosystem. Understanding the architectures, tools and methodologies for these model-based systems and being able to contrast them and utilize them with their physical counterparts will be integral in their use.
There is a clear sense that AI can be a disruptive enabler to build a more agile and efficient future network. However, despite the constant efforts from researchers and engineers, the potential of AI is far away from being fully exploited and there's still a great gap between the current intelligence level of the network and our fancy expectations for it. Hence this panel is proposed to discuss the challenges and opportunities that we may face in "AI for 5G and beyond" exploration.
Global cybercrime is expected to reach 10.5 trillion USD by 2025 with an annual increase of 15 percent from 3 trillion USD in 2015. As communication technology evolves and the world gets more connected, the need for securing network communications is ever increasing. Cryptographic Algorithms, such as AES and RSA, are widely used to secure two-way communications between clients and servers on the internet and are also ubiquitous in high security applications such as credit cards, military communications etc. AES is still considered secure even when it is published, as long as the private key is kept secure. However, if an attacker obtains the private key, the security is compromised and may stay compromised for a long time until the user detects this breach and then changes the key. We present a novel approach to cryptography through which the modules of an algorithm such as Confusion, Diffusion, and KeyMixing etc. are evolved to produce cryptographically secure Customized Encryptors. These evolutionary encryption methods maintain security even after the encryption key has been compromised. At least one parameter or a transformation (Confusion Box/ Diffusion Box/ Key Mixing/ Round Logic) may be modified periodically in an encryption algorithm to temporally evolve its behavior by creating a genetically modified variant of the original algorithm. This reduces an attacker's awareness of the structure and operation of encryption algorithm by adding security in the behavior dimension independent of the key. Modifications may be event based, for instance, at the start of a new communication session, periodic, every few milliseconds, or based on a counter of few bytes of data passed. By evolving AES 128, our solution provides a cryptographic strength of 2908 bits while running at a fraction of the processing power of AES 256 that only provides 256 bits security.
Motivation of the presentation: The complexity of multi-cloud and edge deployment of 5G raises many challenges related to an efficient deployment across different cloud domains (public and private) as well as how to optimally adapt to changing workloads and application's requirements. The MORPHEMIC platform provides a novel approach of adapting and optimizing cloud and edge computing applications by introducing the concepts of polymorphic and proactive adaptation. The description of the Cloud and Edge applications is enclosed in a very expressive Cloud Application Modelling and Execution Language (CAMEL) formalism allowing for definition of deployment requirements, as well as utility-based deployment optimisation. The objective of this demo is to showcase an example of deploying 5G as a form of disaggregated radio access network (RAN) in the intelligent multi-cloud environment by using the Morphemic platform. Context of the presentation: The industrial presentation will start by providing a technical background behind intelligent multi-cloud deployment of 5G networks. The economic justification of disaggregated 5G and several aspects of Open RAN deployment in the multi-cloud environment of 5G will be provided to reflect the benefits of the MORPHEMIC platform. Moreover, a vision of multi cloud deployment of the RAN components (e.g., RU/DU/CU) will be presented and the deployment is fueled by utility-based optimization as well as AI based prediction mechanism harnessed into a proactive adaptation scheme. This part of the will also addresses both the challenges and the approach related to multi-cloud deployment of 5G networks. A practical demonstration by providing a glimpse into the real deployment of the 5G RAN components in the multi-cloud environment, the role of the orchestrator to provision the RAN will be the key elements of the presentation.
Duplexers are selective components used to isolate or combine signals having different central frequencies. They form the essential core components of FDD communication systems, comprised of mobile telephony, radio transmission, broadband wireless communications and satellite communication systems. The 5G/6G market is expected to grow to more than 30 Billion USD by 2025. High performing duplexers are essential devices which will be widely used in these systems and are required to operate at very high throughputs in the mm-Wave bands. This 3-port filtering device provides good isolation between transmitter and receiver signals while maintaining a low insertion loss. Generally, the duplexers consist of two-channel filters and a common point is used to combine the two filters to form a multiport network. These duplexers provide a mechanism for transmitters and receivers to share a common antenna simultaneously. The antenna operates at both bands and the duplexer alloWS- simultaneous communication with maximum isolation between the TX and RX bands. As the mm-Wave band is getting more attention for 5G communications, duplexers are needed for 28-32 GHz band. Depending on the application scenario, the passbands for these might require wide bandwidth for higher data rates, or a narrow bandwidth for high frequency selectivity. A set of on-chip duplexers that can fulfill both these criteria for the mm-Wave band (28-30 GHz), by leveraging the Fano, EIT, and Lorentz resonance phenomena are presented. Such duplexers can be used for 5G/6G communication systems.
Random Numbers are needed to generate the essential seed for encryption in secure communication systems. If the randomness of the seed is compromised, this may eventually load to comprising the entire encryption method. The global cybercrime is expected to reach up to 10.5 Trillion USD by 2025. Furthermore, the demand for high rates of random numbers is also increasing as several billion IoT devices are getting connected to the Internet. A True Random Number Generator (TRNG) extracts entropy from physical phenomenon rather than mathematical algorithms like a PRNG, hence it is more reliable for seed generation. The state-of-the-art TRNGs are either limited in speed (up to 1.5 to 2 Gbps) or require very high power for high data rates (up to 200 mW) due to high static power consumption. However, high speed and low power are highly desirable in the next generation of 5G/6G communication systems and IoT applications.
For 5G mobile communication and satellite communication systems, the mmWave frequency is gaining increasing importance. The phased-array antenna system is crucial for both applications. In this presentation, the speaker will discuss the difficulties encountered during the design and production of antenna-in-package modules. He will also demonstrate an innovative concept for a phased array antenna system with a high EIRP by integrating a GaN power amplifier with the array system. The integration of GaN power alloWS- for an increase in channel power, which reduces the number of antenna elements, and an increase in PA efficiency to 30%. The general efficiency of silicon-based PAs is approximately 5%. In the concluding segment of this presentation, the speaker will introduce XB eam, the quickest mmWave OTA testing solution. It takes less than 10 seconds to measure the beam pattern of a single antenna.
Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) are core technologies that will pervasive and expansive in 6G. Thinking about how to test AI/ML communications systems present new challenges compared to traditional methods. There are 3 different types of AI/ML testing to consider—datasets (recorded from real world scenarios or artificially generated) are needed to train the AI/ML, AI/ML based test can be applied to wireless networks (for example, an AI/ML based signal identification), and finally testing to look at the performance of the AI/ML algorithm itself at a subcomponent level and at a system level. This session will dive into each of these three areas with a goal to leave attendees with a better understanding what test and validation means for AI and ML in wireless systems.
Latest updates and Promising Developments on Global mm-Wave Spectrum and its Deployments for 5G and Beyond
This presentation will talk about the needs of high frequency bands, study history of mmWave identification of the bands in ITU, global spectrum allocation and licensing progress. Most importantly we talk about the mmWave deployment from typical scenario, usage and current reference cases in some countries for service launch and also the ecosystem updates.
The promise of digital transformation is being realized as industries adopt advanced technologies to deliver new services, efficiencies and resiliency. As 5G has reached critical mass and evolves toward 5G Advanced it is positioned to become the connectivity fabric for the next phase of global industrial growth, connecting virtually everything to the cloud and, jointly with AI advancements, unlocking significant new opportunities at the edge. New use cases are coming into focus that provide exciting areas for innovation and come with challenging technical requirements for the industry. Qualcomm President and CEO Cristiano Amon will speak about how the convergence of 5G, AI and high performance, low power processing is accelerating digital transformation around the world. He will highlight the success of the global ecosystem in commercializing and expanding 5G, AI, and other core technologies as well as how the emerging technology roadmap will address the opportunities and challenges that lay ahead.
The fifth generation (5G) network, promising to provide enhanced mobile broadband (eMBB), mission-critical internet of things (IoT), and massive IoT, aims to be the digital transformation enabler in all industry sectors. Moving to 2030, the physical world, digital world, and human world will be even more seamlessly connected and interacted, creating brand new experiences in work, leisure, learning, study, and social activities, accelerating the digital transformation in processes and practices in all industry sectors and public services. These will form the core driver for 6G innovation.
This keynote talk will first present a review of video streaming over telecommunication networks, and its evolution over time, taking also the important evolution towards network softwarizaton into account. The importance and the opportunities provided by volumetric media delivery will be outlined by means of several examples. The most appropriate management platform design for volumetric media delivery and the various challenges and possible approaches will be highlighted next. Finally an overview of research challenges and opportunities will be presented to stimulate further collaborative research in this exciting area.