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Education & Training

One Day Course Descriptions – For In-Person Or Online Training

5G/NR Non-Standalone Implementation and Migration to 5G/NR Stand-Alone

One Day Course (6 hours of instruction)

The deployment of 5G/NR is currently one of the highest priorities of advanced Mobile Network Operators. Driven by the fierce competition, Engineering and R&D staff from both operators and vendors, not only need to assimilate the technical depth of the 5G/NR technology but are also required to ensure the tight and cost-efficient interworking of this technology with the legacy LTE infrastructure.

The goal of this course is to provide participants with a thorough understanding of the fundamentals of 5G/NR implementation, considering both Non-Standalone (NSA) and Standalone (SA) deployment options.  At first, the architecture, the air interface, and the 3GPP deployment options of 5G/NR are presented.  Next, the NSA deployment of NR with LTE as an anchor technology is explained, focusing on radio functionality, bearer handling, mobility and performance. Moreover, the main aspects of 5G SA deployment are analyzed, including the new 5G QoS framework, the benefits from the deployment of the new 5G Core Network (5GC) and the impact of the migration from NSA to SA. Relevant case studies will be presented and methods for the dynamic spectrum sharing between LTE and 5G/NR in lower frequency bands will be discussed.

An Introduction to Wi-Fi

One Day Course (6 hours of instruction)

Wi-Fi systems are the most widely deployed wireless technologies in the world today. Yet, they receive less attention these days than cellular technologies like LTE. Despite the fact that Wi-Fi systems carry higher volumes of mobile data, operate at higher data rates than LTE, they are almost like commodity items that people don't think too much about but rather, take for granted.

However, Wi-Fi systems are actually very sophisticated systems that were created to satisfy difficult and challenging requirements. For example, they operate in unlicensed bands, with very severe emission limits; also, they need to provide high data rates because they are in direct "competition" with wired LANs using technologies like Ethernet with super-fast rates; furthermore, in some scenarios, Wi-Fi systems are deployed in a somewhat distributed manner, without strong centralized control. Thus, challenges of interference management and resource sharing arise. Additionally, different types of traffic might need to be given different treatment (QoS), resulting in additional challenges from the resource sharing and interference management perspectives. These other technical challenges have been handled over the years (as different members of the Wi-Fi family of technologies have been created) through a variety of solutions and approaches, some of which are pretty ingenious from an engineering point of view.

We will explore these along with the solutions and approaches. Examples of such creative solutions include the various coordination functions at the MAC layer (e.g., DCF, PCF, etc.) spread spectrum, OFDM, etc., to handle challenging constraints at the physical layer while trying to achieve high data rates.

Background Concepts of Optical Communication Systems

One Day Course (6 hours of instruction)

Optical communication systems have provided ever-increasing data transmission capacities, and there is a set of core concepts that are fundamental to understanding many of the crucial technical areas. The intent of this course is to provide key background information to enable participants to facilitate an understanding of more advanced topics in this area. Participants will be provided with an overview of the field that concentrates on a number of specific topics, including: 1. Introduction to optical systems (point-to-point links, reconfigurable networks, line/client, switching techniques) 2. Communications concepts (SNR, ISI, BER, PRBS, eye diagrams, link budget, data standards) 3. Channel multiplexing techniques (time, wavelength, subcarrier, space, polarization) 4. Fiber-based data-degrading effects (loss, chromatic dispersion, polarization-mode dispersion, polarization-dependent loss) 5. Amplifiers (EDFA and Raman, gain flattening, gain transients) 6. Nonlinear effects, dispersion management and fiber types 7. Modulation formats, capacity and data constellations (OOK, PSK, QAM, OFDM) 8. Direct and coherent detection schemes 9. Mitigating data impairments: optical (tunable compensators) and electronic (DSP, FEC) 10. Basics of lightwave system modeling

Beyond LTE: LTE Advanced, LTE Advanced Pro, and 5G

One Day Course (6 hours of instruction)

LTE is the most successful wireless cellular system in the world today. It serves our voracious appetite for more and more mobile data, but the demand for mobile data continues to grow, and LTE-Advanced and LTE-Advanced Pro are emerging. Whereas LTE-Advanced can in some ways be considered the first "true" 4G system, LTE-Advanced Pro is already heading firmly towards the support of new applications and capabilities on the path towards 5G. 5G is in some ways still a catalog of concepts, some more fleshed out than others, but by 2020 should become more concrete. This course covers:

  • motivations for going beyond LTE, and eventually towards 5G
  • new application scenarios such as MTC and D2D that are strong drivers for 5G
  • technology innovations in LTE-Advanced and LTE-Advanced Pro: carrier aggregation, CoMP, HetNets, relaying, LAA, NB-IOT., etc.
  • concepts on 5G (network densification, etc.) from IMT-2020, etc.
  • Massive-MIMO, millimeter wave, 5G new RAT, NFV, network slicing, and other technologies that are expected to be part of 5G
Computing in Communication Networks – From Theory to Applications

One Day Course (6 hours of instruction)

The central topic of the course is the study of architectures and protocols to enable virtualization in future communication networks, with a specific focus on mobile networks (5G and beyond).   Softwarization and virtualization are considered vital in the next generation of communication networks, as seen in the current framework of 5G as standardization moves from New Radio to the infrastructure and management aspects.  This course presents a holistic understanding of the such technologies, and it proposes both theoretical as well as practical concepts.  An extensive hands-on component is included in this course, where participants will learn how to use the discussed technologies.

The technical issues addressed by the course will include:

  • Introductory session: Presenting the reasoning on the need for computing in communication networks, this introduction will provide a picture of the evolution of networks up to present day.  Instructors will discuss 5G basics, requirements, evolution from 4G and current standardization status and beyond. The hands-on practice environment and its concepts will be also introduced during this part of the course.
  • Key theoretical concepts: The first part of this session will address Software Defined Networking (SDN) and will describe conceptual issues and design opportunities deriving from the detachment of the control plane from the data plane, network programmability, and existing solutions in the SDN eco-system (mainly OpenFlow, but with an overview of ONOS and P4).  Next the instructors will cover Network Function Virtualization (NFV),  discussing conceptual issues and design opportunities deriving from the abstraction of network functionalities from dedicated hardware, performance issues, and existing solutions for NFV (docker, OpenStack).
  • Hands-on sessions on SDN and NFV:  This portion of the course will provide participants with an opportunity to review the concepts presented earlier in the course in a practical environment.
  • Concepts and hands-on on advanced network services:  The instructors will discuss Mobile Edge Cloud, Network Coding, as well as Machine Learning and Compressed Sensing applications. Pre-defined examples in the distributed Virtual Machine will be used to illustrate the practical implementation of such concepts and enable the participants to “play” with such technologies themselves.
  • Advanced topics will be reviewed at the end of the course, allowing time for a question and answer session with the participants.

The course is the first of its kind that tries to build up a holistic understanding of the technologies supporting the development of the next generation of communication networks (e.g. 5G), and proposes both theoretical as well as practical concepts – including extensive hands-on where the attendees will learn how to use the presented technologies.

In fact, besides the theoretical subjects above, the course will also address the issues about actual deployment and implementation of such concepts, by introducing to the participants the proper open-source software tools to use for experimentation.  Details regarding the software to download and install will be shared with participants in advance of the course, so that they will are ready to participate in real-time during the hands-on experience. Practical sessions will be explored step-by-step by the instructors as well as in supplemental materials.

The course is based on a book written by the instructors on “Computing in Communication Networks,” which was recently published by Elsevier in May 2020.

High Throughput Satellites

One Day Course (6 hours of instruction)

This day-long course presents the configuration and application of high throughput satellite (HTS) systems that were first introduced around 2000 and represent an important capability to provide broadband interactive services from space-based repeaters. We address the selection of orbit, frequency band (generally those between 10 and 30 GHz), and how best to configure the satellite communications payload for the intended service. Essential elements include: spot beams for frequency reuse and elevated levels of EIRP and G/T; cross connect systems including physical connections and digital processing “channelizer” configurations; high-power platforms in GEO; and efficient amplifier designs. Users of these capabilities would represent individual consumers, enterprises and governments, for fixed and mobile platforms. Technology for implementing the ground segment, user terminals, and applications will be addressed at the subsystem level, with identification of key technologies to facilitate a cost/effective application system. Limitations will be discussed that relate to the available spectrum, GEO and non-GEO orbits, radiowave propagation, amplifiers and antennas, and interface with the public Internet and private networks.

Introduction to Professional Wireless Communications

One Day Course (6 hours of instruction)

Take this one day online course to understand basic wireless principles. Taught from a non-technical perspective for anyone to appreciate, the course starts with a brief look at how wireless has developed from ancient times to today and goes on to define radio, spectrum and mobility terms. The electromagnetic spectrum, propagation and antennas are introduced along with modulation and access methods. Wireless systems are addressed giving you a look at protocols and layers, wireless networks and design features.You will also understand the systems, protocols and mechanisms needed to support mobility in communications. Wireless Standards are introduced along with the types of telecommunications networks: cellular, vehicular, sensor, RFID, satellite and others. Services, applications and devices including smartphones and other wireless communication devices are explored.This training course is ideal for professionals who need to stay competitive in today’s job market with up-to-date knowledge of technologies, products and services in the Mobile Telecommunications Industry.

IoT and M2M Essentials

One Day Course (6 hours of instruction)

Machine-to-Machine (M2M) products and services are an essential component of the Internet of Things. This one day essentials course covers the most important things you need to consider when developing a new Internet of Things or Machine-to-Machine product or service. This course covers the following topics:

  • Common IoT / M2M applications
  • IoT / M2M communications architecture
  • Major elements of an IoT / M2M solution
  • Technology choice selection
  • Development and implementation issues
  • Testing and certification
  • IoT / M2M business ecosystem
LTE Fundamentals: The Essentials

One Day Course (6 hours of instruction)

LTE is the wireless cellular system that comes after 3G. Designed from the ground up as a long term evolution of the 3G systems, it came with a new OFDMA-based air interface and an All-IP Network to provide many improvements over the 3G cellular networks. Unlike earlier cellular packet technologies like HSPA (which are constrained to operate within the frameworks of 3G networks), LTE is deeply optimized for wireless data throughout all the layers of its protocol stack. In this one-day course, we review the fundamentals of LTE. Why LTE is used and how it works will be discussed.

LTE Performance and Optimization Framework

One Day Course (6 hours of instruction)

This course provides specialized information related to long term evolution (LTE) radio access network (RAN) optimization from a non-vendor perspective, providing an overview of all the aspects of the radio access network for LTE with respect to performance and optimization.

Conventionally a wireless technology course details and lists the important problems a technology solves, describes solution architecture, how it operates and specific use cases. However, this course is different than a standard technology course. This course focuses on the optimization techniques and areas to target when it comes to 4G LTE Optimization and Performance.

4G LTE is a purely packet switched network technology and it comes with its own set of optimizing challenges such coverage, interference, mobility, capacity and quality. In this course we will address how the above-mentioned performance challenges can be solved in 4G LTE Optimization.

LTE Optimization mainly refers to the pre-optimization and the continuous optimization before and after the network is launched. This course covers RAN aspects of 4G LTE Optimization starting with the six different types of key performance indicators (KPIs) defined in third generation partnership project (3GPP) standard, including topics such as how each one of these KPIs are computed, what parameters and configuration affect these KPIs, and how these KPIs can be optimized. This course also covers the practical aspects of these KPIs and how it will affect the end consumer experience.

Optimization in 4G LTE is different than 2G and 3G technology, therefore conventional optimization techniques are not applicable for 4G LTE, hence a dedicated course for LTE Optimization is more helpful to answer your 4G LTE specific questions.

Course participants will be provided with starting points to consider and to investigate whenever they are faced with a throughput optimization problem in LTE. The instructor provides practical industry wisdom on how to think and apply the knowledge in everyday optimization scenarios.

Optical Wireless Communications: Recent Applications in Terrestrial, Space, Satellite and Underwater

One Day Course (6 hours of instruction)

This course will provide a comprehensive and up to date review of theory and practical implementations of optical wireless communications (OWC).  In recent years, constant demand by the end users for bandwidth in mobile communications to support a number of broadband wireless services such as mobile videophones, video conferencing and  high-speed Internet access for various every day and business applications is growing. High quality multimedia services in the next decade will require much higher bandwidth than that which exists today. Free Space Optical (FSO) Wireless Communication (OWC) is the most reliable, flexible and viable wireless option, which also makes it very attractive for incorporating with the emerging 5G wireless communications and Internet of Things (IoT) applications.

Fundamentals of Optical Wireless Communications will be covered with special emphasis on technologies and techniques in achieving high bandwidth (much higher than what exists today by RF communications). The instructor will discuss the OWC systems analysis and design issues in order to address a number of challenges, such as atmospheric turbulence, mobility and security, and options relevant to future optical wireless communication terminals, such as LEO, Intersatellite and Constellation of Satellites (Small and CubeSat LaserCom), and Underwater OWC. The course will also cover Optical Wireless Communication with recent Visible Light Communications (VLC) technology.

A technology solution for accomplishing the future "All-Optical" methods and techniques for accomplishing global Internet connectivity will be discussed.  This course will also cover the communication channel effects for each of the uniquely different channels of Terrestrial, Space, Satellite and Underwater, in order to accomplish “All Optical” Communications.

Photonic Technologies in the Data Center

One Day Course (6 hours of instruction)

This new course will discuss and provide details on the photonic technologies used to connect datacenters. Data center optical interconnects are extremely interesting since they blur the line between traditional datacom and telecom links. The reach requirements, from meters to up to around two kilometers for intra data center connections, require new approaches to meet aggressive cost, power, and density requirements. Furthermore, the use of optics in datacenters is rapidly evolving due to both advances in technologies as well as system architectures that drive the adoption of new solutions. The advantages and limitations of technologies, including VCSELs, Si Photonics, and InP platforms will be discussed to provide insight into how systems are wired today and how the future may evolve.

Leading edge research efforts aimed at enabling greater proliferation of photonics, including both interconnects and optical switching fabrics will be examined. A focus will be placed on opportunities for new technologies and architectures to radically change the trajectory of system design and implementation.

Principles of Satellite Location and Navigation

One Day Course (6 hours of instruction)

This course teaches how signals from orbiting satellites that are 20,000 km above the earth can be used to locate terrestrial objects to an accuracy of several meters down to a fraction of a centimeter.  It begins with a brief review of satellite navigation history, then describes the major system components and the coordinate frames in which location of satellites and targets is described.  The main portion of the course focuses on the features and techniques in target receivers that determine location and time estimates, including differential GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System), and presents sources of error and the necessary relativistic corrections. The existing and developing global and regional satellite navigation systems are described, as well as major improvements to the veteran implementations, the American GPS and Russian GLONASS. Integration of inertial measurement systems (IMS) with satellite positioning is also explained.  The course concludes with a discussion of GNSS implementation.

Overall, this course will help you understand how satellite navigation works, what its features and limitations are, which satellite navigation systems are available or being developed and how to more effectively utilize them. 

Satellite Data Communications and VSAT Networks

One Day Course (6 hours of instruction)

Satellite data networks have become an important tool of corporations, government agencies as well as consumers needing remote access to the Internet. In this intermediate level, one-day course the instructor reviews the design and use of such networks, which employ inexpensive very small aperture terminals (VSATs).  The instructor will provide up-to-date information and methodologies to employ communications satellites specifically for data communications and the Internet. The focus is unique because it combines theory and practice, addressing currently available technology solutions as well as the foundations needed to understand them.

Software Defined Networking for Optical Networks: A Practical Introduction

One Day Course (6 hours of instruction)

This is an introductory course to Software Defined Networking (SDN) as a control plane (CP) technology for optical networks. The course will cover the main drivers, uses, key benefits, current trends and underlying technologies around the concept of an SDN control plane focusing, notably, on transport networks and covering mainly the aggregation and core network segments.

The main part of the course will describe the main SDN concepts and functions, starting with common layered architectures, addressing both functional aspects (elements and interfaces) as well as protocol ones (stacks, encodings, formats) while presenting how common control plane functions -- resource discovery, inventory, topology and connection management – are implemented.

In particular, the course will present common trends such as the use of Openflow or Netconf/Restconf, Model Driven development, telemetry and data analytics and the use of Yang as a unified data modeling language. Existing open source projects (e.g. ODL, ONOS,..), initiatives (e.g. OpenROADM, OpenConfig) and tools / frameworks (e.g., pyang) will also be briefly introduced by means of examples.

The final part of the course will concentrate on describing more complex use case scenarios, related to the applicability to multi-domain and multi-layer networks. Architectures based on either hierarchical or peer models will be examined, highlighting issues such as scalability, topology visibility or confidentiality, and covering the concepts and roles of abstraction and orchestration. Finally, driven by the need to offer services beyond network connectivity provisioning, the course will end up discussing the current and new trends in control plane design, providing and overview of network virtualization, network slicing and the ongoing integration of SDN and NFV.

Technical Writing and Presentation for ESL Engineers

One Day Course (6 hours of instruction)

Technical writing and presentation for an engineer for which English is a second language (ESL) can at times be harder than the technical expertise the engineer attempts to convey. Without the proper communication skills in English, technical contributions could be drastically discounted and dismissed within the technical community. Beyond the known English grammar and common language usage, this course will explain the key factors to overcome cultural difference, logic inference and body language diversity.

This course will highlight the subtleties of English awkwardness in a case-by-case approach based on excerpts of reviewed papers from submissions to many international consumer electronics, communications, and computer conferences. The instructor will lead you through corrections made about the English errors, which happen more often than one would expect, even among reputable and experienced engineers.  Reconstruction in more authentic American English style will also be demonstrated.

Visible Light Communications: The High Bandwidth Alternative to WiFi

One Day Course (6 hours of instruction)

The visible light spectrum is 1000 times larger than the entire radio frequency spectrum of 300 GHz, and this simple fact provides the motivation to use visible light as a high bandwidth alternative to radio. The applications range from gigabit interconnects in data centers, through mobile networking in homes and offices to point-to-point long range wireless backhaul links outdoors. We will set the scene by looking at existing conventional wireless access technology and state clearly its limitations. Then we will go on to provide a general background to the subject of optical wireless communications, followed by a brief summary of the history of visible light communication VLC). We will discuss the relationship between VLC and LiFi (light fidelity), introducing the major advantages of VLC and LiFi and discuss existing challenges. Recent key advancements in physical layer techniques that led to transmission speeds greater than 10 Gbps will be discussed. Moving on, we introduce channel modelling techniques, and show how this technology can be used to create fully-fletched cellular networks achieving orders of magnitude improvements of area spectral efficiency compared to current technologies. The challenges that arise from moving from a static point-to-point visible light link to a LiFi network that is capable of serving hundreds of mobile and fixed nodes will be discussed. An overview of recent standardization activities will be provided. Lastly, we will discuss commercialization challenges of this disruptive technology.

Wi-Fi Security

One Day Course (6 hours of instruction)

Everyone uses Wi-Fi.  However, most people may not have a strong understanding of what the differences are between the available security options, like WPA, WPA-PSK, WPA2, TKIP, AES, etc. You may even have heard that WEP is supposed to be bad, but you are not be sure how WPA and WPA2 improve on it. Furthermore, because Wi-Fi security started from something very weak, and then was improved in stages, it can be very helpful to trace through the various generations of Wi-Fi security, and thus gain a better understanding of wireless security.

This course explains the motivations for wireless and Wi-Fi security and describes initial attempts with open authentication, WEP-based authentication, WEP encryption, etc.  We will then explore the many problems with WEP, its use of keys, etc.; and ways that it can be broken.  We’ll then discuss how WPA, as a stopgap measure, addresses some of the issues with WEP and how WPA2 is even more secure.  The IEEE 802.1X model, and the difference between PSK and enterprise modes will then be explained.

Wireless Positioning and Location

One Day Course (6 hours of instruction)

Positioning capability is a feature of virtually all types of mobile wireless terminals and networks, among them cellular, Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, internet of things, and wireless sensor networks, in addition to (of course) navigation devices.

This course begins with a brief review of positioning fundamentals and then proceeds with descriptions of all the location methods. Current issues including GNSS, TOA and TDOA, RSS, indoor location, inertial positioning and data fusion are addressed. Cellular positioning is discussed in detail, including 5G innovations. Application examples are presented for various location scenarios. Participants will benefit from review questions and answers incorporated throughout the course to reinforce concepts presented.

Enroll in this Wireless Positioning and Location course to expand the scope of your knowledge of wireless communication systems and the services that they provide.