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Best Readings is a collection of Books, Journals, Special Issues, articles and papers on a featured topic. This Best Readings is on e-Health

Issued March 2013


Joel J.P.C. Rodrigues


Joel J. P. C. Rodrigues, Instituto de Telecomunicações, University of Beira Interior, Portugal
Nazim Agoulmine, University of Evry Val d’Essonne, France
Pradeep Ray, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
Jian Song, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
Ji-Jiang Yang, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China

Yongqiang Lyu, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
Bruno Silva, Instituto de Telecomunicações, University of Beira Interior, Portugal
Sandra Sendra, Instituto de Telecomunicações, University of Beira Interior, Portugal & Universidad Politècnica de Valencia, Spain
Heung-Kook Choi, Inje University, Korea
Weider Yu, San Jose State University, USA

Special Issues

"Special Issue on Sensors Systems for Structural Health Monitoring," IEEE Sensors Journal, vol. 9, no. 11, Nov. 2009.

"Special Issue on Emerging Technologies in Point-of-Care Health Care," IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, vol. 58, no. 3, March 2011.

UHealth Smarthome - Innovative solutions for the management of the elderly and chronic diseases,” IEEE Nanotechnology Magazine, Vol. 5, no.3, September 2011.

"Special Issue on Communications in ubiquitous healthcare," IEEE Communications Magazine, vol. 50, no.1, Jan. 2012.

"Special Issue on Efficient and cost-effective communications in ubiquitous healthcare: wireless sensors, devices and solutions," IEEE Communications Magazine, vol. 50, no. 5, May 2012.

"Special Issue on Advances in Bioinformatics, Biomedicine, and Health Informatics," IEEE Transactions on NanoBioscience, vol. 11, no. 3, Sept. 2012.

"Special Issue on Wireless communications for E-health applications," IEEE Wireless Communications Magazine, vol. 20, no. 4, Aug. 2013.

Special Issue on Emerging Technologies in Communications - eHealth,” IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, vol. 31, no. 9, Sept. 2013.


Telemedicine Technologies: Information Technologies in Medicine and Telehealth, Publication Date: November 3, 2010 | ISBN-10: 047074569X | ISBN-13: 978-0470745694 | Edition: 1
In this book, the authors focus on how medical information can be reliably transmitted through wireless communication networks, and explain how these networks can be optimized to carry medical information in various situations by utilizing the readily available traditional wireless local area network and broadband wireless access systems. In addition, the authors discuss consumer healthcare technology, which is becoming more popular as the reduction in the manufacturing cost of electronics products makes healthcare products more affordable to the general public. Finally, the book explores topics such as communication networks and services, patient monitoring, information processing, system deployment, data security and privacy, information technology in alternative medicine, multimedia and health informatics, and caring for the community.

J. J. P. C. Rodrigues, “Health Information Systems: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools and Applications”, Medical Information Science Reference Publishers, 4 Vols., 2513 pp.s, ISBN: 978-1-60566-988-5, 1st Edition, Hershey, PA, USA, December 2009.
This book is the reference in Health Information Systems.  This four-volume book with more than 2500 published pages provides a thorough presentation of the state of the art in this topic, including a complete understanding of the development of applications and concepts in clinical, patient, and hospital information systems. As a comprehensive collection of research on the latest findings related to technologies and healthcare delivery, this massive multi-volume reference addresses the demand for a resource that encompasses the most pertinent research in health information systems, healthcare technologies, and telemedicine.

A. Darkins and M. Cary, “Telemedicine and Telehealth: Principles, Policies, Performance and Pitfalls” Publication Date: March 15, 2000 | ISBN-10: 0826113028 | ISBN-13: 978-0826113023 | Edition: 1 
Telemedicine and telehealth are changing the face of healthcare delivery and are becoming multi-billion dollar industries. Drs. Darkins and Cary share their knowledge and provide practical insights and advice on making telemedicine programs into successful clinical services and a productive business. The book gives background knowledge and useful tips on starting up and managing programs in an array of settings. Most importantly, the book is based on the recognition that patients are customers of healthcare, and developing new telemedicine products vital to delivering care to rural or inaccessible clients are equally important to healthcare's future.

M. M. Maheu, P. Whitten and A. Allen, “E-Health, Telehealth, and Telemedicine: A Guide to Startup and Success,” Feb. 15, 2001.
E-Health, Telehealth, and Telemedicine is a hands-on resource that shows how communication technologies can be designed, implemented, and managed to help healthcare professionals expand and transform their organizations. Step by step, the authors reveal how to introduce innovative communication tools to a wide range of healthcare settings. This indispensable book contains a wealth of information, suggestions, and advice about program development, ethical, legal and regulatory issues, and technical options.

J. J. P. C. Rodrigues, "Advancing Medical Practice through Technology Applications for Healthcare Delivery, Management, and Quality," IGI-Global Publishers, Hershey, PA, USA, November, 2013, ISBN: 978-1-4666-4619-3 (hardcover), DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-4619-3.
This book focuses on the latest medical practices through the utilization of technologies and innovative concepts, and is an essential reference source for researchers, academics, and industry professionals interested in the latest advancements in the healthcare, biomedicine, and medical communications fields.

S. Sarnikar, D. Bennett, and M. Gaynor, "Cases on Healthcare Information Technology for Patient Care Management," IGI-Global, 2012, ISBN 978-1466626713.
This comprehensive collection of case studies aims to help improve the understanding of the process as well as the challenges faced and lessons learned through implementation of Health Information Technologies.

A. Daskalaki, "Medical Advancements in Aging and Regenarative Technologies: Clinical Tools and Applications," IGI-Global, 2012, ISBN 978-1466625068.
This work introduces basic science discoveries into regenerative therapies, specifically focusing on clinical tools related to aging and tissue regeneration. This guide provides a good introduction on how to guide approaches for preventing and treating age-related disease.

J. Wu, "Technological Advancements in Biomedicine for Healthcare Applications," IGI-Global, 2012, ISBN 978-1466621961.
The author presents an overview of biomedical technologies and its relationship with healthcare applications. This reference source is essential for researchers and practitioners aiming to learn more about biomedical engineering and its related fields.

J. Wu, "Biomedical Engineering and Cognitive Neuroscience for Healthcare: Interdisciplinary Applications," IGI-GLobal, 2012, ISBN 978-1466621138.
The author brings together researchers and practitioners, including medical doctors and health professionals, to provide an overview of the studies of cognitive neuroscience and biomedical engineering for healthcare. This book aims to be the reference for researchers in related fields.

N. S. A. da Silva and G. J. M. da Costa, "Ethical Dimensions of Bio Nanotechnology: Present and Future Applications in Telemedicine," IGI-Global, 2013, ISBN 978-1466618947.
Illustrates the concept of bionanotechnology as a research field, acknowledging how Western and Eastern philosophical systems infer biotechnology medical appliances, and describing its key ethical and social dilemmas.

A. Gangopadhyay, "Methods, Models, and Computation for Medical Informatics," IGI-GLobal, 2012, ISBN 978-1466626539.
A comprehensive collection of research on the computational capabilities, prototypes, and algorithms and their application to the areas of nursing, clinical care, public health, biomedical research and much more. This book provides a better understanding of the models and methods used in the field of medicine for researchers, practitioners and medical professionals alike.

R. Bisawas, "Clinical Solutions and Medical Progress through User-Driven Healthcare," IGI-GLobal, 2012, ISBN 978-1466618763.
User-driven healthcare" has the goal of providing healthcare through clinical-problem solving and utilizing concerted experiential learning in conversations between multiple users and stakeholders across a web interface. These multiple users and stakeholders are primarily patients, health professionals and others in a care-giving collaborative network.

X.-L. Li and S.-K. Ng, "Computational Knowledge Discovery for Bioinformatics Research," IGI-Global, 2012, ISBN 978-1466617858.
Discusses the most significant research and latest practices in computational knowledge discovery approaches to bioinformatics in a cross-disciplinary manner which is useful for researchers, practitioners, academicians, mathematicians, statisticians, and computer scientists involved in the many facets of bioinformatics. This book aims to increase the awareness of interesting and challenging biomedical problems and to inspire new knowledge discovery solutions.

J. Tan, "Advancing Technologies and Intelligence in Healthcare and Clinical Environments: Breakthroughs," IGI-Global, 2012, ISBN 978-1466617551.
A prime resource for both academic researchers and practitioners looking to advance their knowledge of the interdisciplinary areas of healthcare information technology and management research. This book addresses innovative concepts and critical issues in the emerging field of health information systems and informatics, with an emphasis on sustainable computer information systems, ensuring healthcare efficiency, and denoising MRI and ECG outputs.

L. N. de Castro, "Nature-Inspired Computing Design, Development, and Applications," IGI-Global, 2012, ISBN 978-1466615748.
This book covers all the areas of natural computing, from methods to computationally synthesized natural phenomena, to computing paradigms based on natural materials. This volume is comprised of ideas and research from nature to develop computational systems or materials to perform computation. Researchers, academic educators, and professionals will find a comprehensive view of all aspects of natural computing with emphasis on its main branches.

W. Chen, Sidarto Bambang Oetomo, Loe Feijs, "Neonatal Monitoring Technologies: Design for Integrated Solutions," IGI-Global, 2012, ISBN 978-1466609754.
Presents a unique integration of knowledge from multidisciplinary fields of engineering, industrial design, and medical science for the healthcare of a specific user group. This comprehensive collection will support audiences ranging from clinical and medical professionals, academic researchers and students, technical professionals and managers, and policymakers.

A. Smedberg, "E-Health Communities and Online Self-Help Groups: Applications and Usage," IGI-Global, 2012, ISBN 978-1609608668.
This book aims to provide the relevant theoretical frameworks and the latest empirical research findings in the area. The focus is on increasing the knowledge and understanding of applications and the use of e-health communities for self-help groups who struggle with health disorders, disabilities, lifestyle issues and other health concerns. Different e-health community settings are presented, and observations of community usage and effects discussed. Also, complementary ways of measuring effectiveness are introduced and analyzed.

C. Rocker and M. Ziefle, "E-Health, Assistive Technologies and Applications for Assisted Living: Challenges and Solutions," IGI-Global, 2011, ISBN 978-1609604691.
This book reviews existing literature in assistive technologies and provides suggestions and solutions for improving the quality of assisted living facilities and residences through the use of e-health systems and services.

M. K. Watfa, "E-Healthcare Systems and Wireless Communications: Current and Future Challenges," IGI-Global, 2012, ISBN 978-1613501238.
The author explores the developments and challenges associated with the successful deployment of e-healthcare systems. The book combines research efforts in different disciplines including pervasive wireless communications, wearable computing, context-awareness, sensor data fusion, artificial intelligence, neural networks, expert systems, databases, and security. This work serves as a comprehensive reference for graduate students in bioengineering and also provides solutions for medical researchers who are faced with the challenge of designing and implementing a cost-effective pervasive and ubiquitous wireless communication system.

Topic: Mathematical Models and Methods

M. M. Hadjiandreou and G. D. Mitsis, "Mathematical Modeling of Tumor Growth, Drug-Resistance, Toxicity, and Optimal Therapy Design", IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, vol. 61, no. 2, pp. 415-425, Feb. 2014, DOI: 10.1109/TBME.2013.2280189.
Mathematical models and methods are very important in eHealth research in various areas. Assisted by computer science and information technologies, doctors can achieve more powerful capacity on curing or treating the important diseases of human beings, such as cancer. This paper combines mathematical modeling and a corresponding optimal control approach to help doctors treat tumors. The authors use a Gompertz-type growth law and a pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic approach for modeling the effects of drugs on tumor progression with consideration of the severity of side effects. By using optimal control, the authors also suggest an optimal planning of the frequency and magnitude of treatment interruptions in the control of cancer progression. This paper is very good for readers to learn a successful and representative mathematical approach in eHealth research.

P. Orlowski, F. K. McConnell, and S. Payne"A Mathematical Model of Cellular Metabolism During Ischemic Stroke and Hypothermia", IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, vol.61, no.2, pp. 484-490, Feb. 2014, DOI: 10.1109/TBME.2013.2282603.g
This is another good mathematical modeling-based research paper in eHealth for stroke, a major disease causing death and disability worldwide. A mathematical model of brain metabolism during stroke is extended in this paper to simulate the effect of hypothermia on cell survival, which is a potentially useful neuroprotective treatment for stroke. Temperature for chemical reaction rates of cells and heat delivery to tissues were all properly modeled and set. The simulation approximating the temperature variation in the brain during treatment was also done to help verify the model.

Topic: Applications

L. Duan, W. N. Street and E. Xu, "Healthcare information systems: data mining methods in the creation of a clinical recommender system", Enterprise Information Systems, vol. 5, issue 2, pp. 169-181, 2011, DOI: 10.1080/17517575.2010.541287.
Recommender systems are widely used in current industry. This paper presents a multi-step ranking based recommendation method, which helped improve the usability of the medical information system. Although it does not have much theory, it still contributes in an applicable and practical form to an important application field in eHealth. It may be used in clinical decision support, nursing education and clinical quality control, which can be a complement to existing practice guidelines in professional medical organizations.

B. Zhang B., B. V. K. Kumar, and D. Zhan"Detecting Diabetes Mellitus and Nonproliferative Diabetic Retinopathy Using Tongue Color, Texture, and Geometry Features," IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering , vol. 61, no. 2, pp. 491-501, Feb. 2014, DOI: 10.1109/TBME.2013.2282625.
Diabetes is one of the most severe chronic diseases worldwide, and diabetic retinopathy (DR) is also becoming one of the 21st century's major health problems. There are many works in diabetes-related research fields, but this paper presents a very interesting one. It processes the tone image of the patient and extracts the effecting patterns to help detect diabetic retinopathy. The color, texture, and the geometry features of the tone were well modeled and extracted as patterns. The experiments show and average accuracy of 80% on mixed subjects.

S. Yim, E. Gultepe, D. H. Gracia, and M. Sitti"Biopsy using a Magnetic Capsule Endoscope Carrying, Releasing, and Retrieving Untethered Microgrippers", IEEE Transactions on  Biomedical Engineering, vol. 61, no. 2, pp. 513,521, Feb. 2014, DOI: 10.1109/TBME.2013.2283369.
This is an interesting work to improve the traditional diagnostic and treatment methods. Biopsy is a critical tool for doctors to diagnose potential cancer or other severe diseases in the stomach. Traditional methods are invasive. This paper proposes a new wireless biopsy method where a magnetically actuated untethered soft capsule endoscope carries and releases a large number of thermo-sensitive, untethered microgrippers at a desired location inside the stomach and retrieves them after they self-fold and grab tissue samples. Ex vivo experiments were done to evaluate and verify the method.

Topic: Green Body Area Networks

S. Misra, N. Islam, J. Mahapatro, J. J. P. C. Rodrigues, “Green Wireless Body Area Nano-networks: Energy Management and the Game of Survival,” IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics, Vol. 14, 2014, DOI: 10.1109/JBHI.2013.2293503
Energy saving and nano-scale in body area networks is a key issue in eHealth. The architecture of Green Wireless Body Area Nano-networks (GBAN), which has the potential to revolutionize healthcare in terms of monitoring and treating chronic and life-threatening diseases, is proposed in this paper. A GBAN consists of a collection of nano-devices, each of which is made of novel nano-materials, and is capable of communicating in both the molecular and wireless electromagnetic communication modes. The term green refers to the fact that each nano-device in such a network harvests energy from the surrounding environment of the subject, such as from the movement of limbs, periodic contraction and expansion of heart muscles, and metabolic reaction of glucose, so that no nano-device gets old solely due to the reasons attributed to energy depletion. The optimal strategy obtained from the Nash equilibrium solution provides improved network performance in terms of throughput and delay.

Topic: Simulation and Modeling

E. Kindler and I Krivy, "Object-Oriented Simulation of systems with sophisticated control," International Journal of General Systems, vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 313–343, April 2011.
This paper is dedicated to the application of languages that are not only object oriented but also process oriented and block oriented.

Topic: Remote Services for eHealth

J. D. M. Kulcsar, S. Gilchrist, and M. G. George, "Improving Stroke Outcomes in Rural Areas Through Telestroke Programs: An Examination of Barriers, Facilitators, and State Policies," PubMed, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 3-10, Jan. 2014.
This paper focuses on ischemic stroke patients. The lack of medical service is due partly to shortages of neurological experts in rural and underserved areas. Telestroke programs are being improved by using interactive telecommunication technology that connects centrally located neurological experts to rural healthcare facilities.

Topic: Mobility in Wireless Healthcare Sensor Networks

J. M. L. P. Caldeira, J. J. P. C. Rodrigues, and P. Lorenz, “Towards Ubiquitous Mobility Solutions for Body Sensor Networks on HealthCare,” IEEE Communications Magazine, ISSN: 0163- 6804, vol. 50, no. 5, pp. 108-115, May 2012, DOI: 10.1109/MCOM.2012.6194390.
This paper presents a pioneering work on mobility of body sensor networks with mobility support and continuous patients monitoring. This paper overviews available handover mechanisms used for wireless sensors mobility and proposes a new ubiquitous mobility approach for BSNs in healthcare.

Topic: Health and Mobile Health Information Systems

W. Yu, P. Ray, and T. Motoc, "WISH: A Wireless Mobile Multimedia Information System in Healthcare Using RFID," The Journal of Telemedicine and e-Health, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 362-370, May 2008.
This paper deals with the efficiency of healthcare-related operations and the associated costs. The major focus of healthcare organizations is to streamline operations and provide enhanced services to their patients. Wireless mobile computing technology has the potential to provide the desired benefits and should be a critical part of today's healthcare information system.  In this paper, a system is presented to better facilitate the functions of physicians and medical staff in healthcare by using modern wireless mobile technology, Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tools, and multimedia streaming. The paper includes a case study of the development of such a system in the context of healthcare in the United States.

K. Kosman, A. Talaei-Khoei, A. Ghapanachi, and P. Ray, “A Systematic Literature Review Approach To Clinical Tria/Informatics Systems: Case of caBIG and its Clinical Trial Management System,” International Journal of Advanced Information Technologies, vol. 7, no 1, pp. 84-98, 2013. 
This paper undertakes a systematic review to gain insight into existing studies on the Clinical Trial Informatics Systems (CTIS). In particular, the authors focus on those articles that have worked on a special type of CTIS called the Cancer Biomedical Informatics Grid (caBIG), developed by the National Cancer Institute, and its Clinical Trial Management System (CTMS) workspace which uses Clinical Trials Suite software. Based on the 67 extracted studies from 2001-2011, the literature is classified into the three broad categories of product description, analysis of options, and user behavior, each containing sub-categories, and insight into each category is provided. Moreover, this paper presents insightful recommendations for health institutions to enable them to ensure that the adoption and implementation of a clinical trials informatics systems such as caBIG/CTMS will be satisfactory. Finally, this article presents five important gaps in the literature and calls for future research to fill those gaps.

Topic: Mobile Health

B. M. C. Silva, J. J. P. C. Rodrigues, I. M. C. Lopes, T. M. F. Machado, and L. Zhou, “A Novel Cooperation Strategy for Mobile Health Applications”, IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications (JSAC), Special Issue on Emerging Technologies in Communications - eHealth, ISSN: 0733-8716, vol. 31, no. 9, Sept. 2013, pp. 28-36, DOI: 10.1109/JSAC.2013.SUP.0513003.
This paper proposes a novel and innovative cooperation strategy for m-Health services and applications. This contribution addresses two related limitations to mHealth applications with service-oriented architectures, namely the network infrastructure and Internet connectivity dependency. It follows a reputation-based approach as an incentive method for cooperation, which includes a Web service to manage all the network cooperation. It is responsible for verifying the cooperation status of neighbor nodes and to provide relay nodes the required data in order to perform a full data request. A performance evaluation study in a real scenario is presented, using an available m-Health application, called SapoFit. For performance evaluation purposes, an analytical model is also considered in order to compare the obtained experiment results.

G. Chiarinni, P. Ray, S. Akter, C. Mesella and A. Ganz, “mHealth Technologies for Chronic Diseases and Elders: A Systematic Review,” IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications (JSAC), Special Issue on Emerging Technologies in Communications - eHealth, ISSN: 0733-8716, vol. 31, no. 9, Sept. 2013, pp. 6-18. 
Many studies from all over the world have addressed this issue in view of the aging population in many countries. However, there has been a lack of any consolidated evidence-based study to classify mHealth from the dual perspectives of healthcare and technology. This paper reports the results of an evidence-based study of mHealth solutions for chronic care amongst the elderly population and proposes a taxonomy of a broad range of mHealth solutions from the perspective of technological complexity. A systematic literature review was conducted over 10 online databases and the findings were classified into four categories of predominant mHealth solutions, that is, self-healthcare, assisted healthcare, supervised healthcare and continuous monitoring. The findings of the study have major implications for information management and policy development in the context of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) related to healthcare in the world.

S. Akter, J. D’Ambra and P. Ray, “Trustworthiness in mHealth Information Services:An Assessment of a Hierarchical Model with Mediating and Moderating Effects Using Partial Least Squares (PLS)", Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, vol. 62, no. 1, pp. 100–116, Jan. 2011. 
The aim of this research is to advance both the theoretical conceptualization and the empirical validation of trustworthiness in mHealth (mobile health) information services research. Conceptually, it extends this line of research by reframing trustworthiness as a hierarchical, reflective construct, incorporating ability, benevolence, integrity, and predictability. Empirically, it confirms that partial least squares path modeling can be used to estimate the parameters of a hierarchical, reflective model with moderating and mediating effects in a nomological network. The model shows that trustworthiness is a second-order, reflective construct that has a significant direct and indirect impact on continuance intentions in the context of mHealth information services. It also confirms that consumer trust plays the key mediating role between trustworthiness and continuance intentions, while trustworthiness does not have any moderating influence in the relationship between consumer trust and continuance intentions. Overall, the authors conclude by discussing conceptual contributions, methodological implications, limitations, and future research directions of the study.

Topic: Modeling Emergency and Telemedicine Health Systems

W. Yu and R. Bhagwat, "Modeling Emergency and Telemedicine Health Support System: A Service Oriented Architecture Approach Using Cloud Computing", International Journal of E-Health and Medical Communications, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 63-88, July-Sept. 2011.
This paper examines healthcare services provided through a telemedicine-oriented Emergency Health Support System (EHSS). This study caters to the needs of senior citizens, but can be extended to a larger population. The main goals are to model the support system in Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) using Cloud Computing and study its performance. The paper compares a system deployed in the cloud versus a co-located environment based on data gathered from the prototype.

Topic: Ambient Assisted Living

S. Sendra, E. Granell, J. Lloret, and J. J. P. C. Rodrigues, “Smart Collaborative Mobile System for Taking Care of Disabled and Elderly People,” Journal on Mobile Networks and Applications (MONET)Springer, DOI: 10.1007/s11036-013-0445-z, 2014. 
Official statistics data show that population is aging in many countries around the world. In this paper, the authors propose a smart collaborative system based on sensors embedded in mobile devices, which allow users to monitor the status of a person based on the environment. The system takes the most appropriate decisions comparing its measured values with the values measured by its neighbors. This proposal could be easily adapted and used to take care of children in several situations.

Topic: Electronic Health Records

M. Najaftorkaman, A. Ghapanchi, A. Talei-Khoei and P. Ray, “Recent Research Areas and Grand Challenges in Electronic Medical Record: A Literature Survey Approach,” The International Technology Management Review, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 12-21, 2013. 
The authors undertook a literature survey to provide a taxonomy that represents the research areas related to Electronic Medical Records (EMR). They identified the following areas of research and classified them into eight main categories: design and implementation, evaluation, adoption, impacts, medical research, integration, EMR data design and management, and policy and standards. Even though EMR improves care quality and efficiency in a positive way, some negative perceptions by the health user community (health professionals and health service managers) should not be neglected. By categorizing EMR research articles, the authors reveal a clear set of grand challenges for EMR in future education and research in health informatics, biomedical engineering, and related areas. The big picture of EMR research areas presented in this study can help health communities to find scientific methods for the various grand challenges in EMR.

Topic: Security and Privacy on eHealth

J. J. P. C. Rodrigues, I. de la Torre, G. F. Cardeñosa, and M. López-Coronado, “Analysis of the Security and Privacy Requirements of Cloud-Based Electronic Health Records Systems,” Journal of Medical Internet Research (JMIR), ISSN: 1438-8871, vol. 15, no. 8, Aug. 2013, DOI: 10.2196/jmir.2494.
This paper addresses key issues related to security and privacy in the context of cloud-based Electronic Health Records (EHRs).  The Cloud Computing paradigm offers eHealth systems the opportunity to enhance the features and functionality that they offer. However, moving patients’ medical information to the Cloud implies several risks in terms of the security and privacy of sensitive health records. In this paper, the risks of hosting EHRs on the servers of third-party Cloud service providers are reviewed. To protect the confidentiality of patient information and facilitate the process, some suggestions for healthcare providers are made. Moreover, security issues that Cloud service providers should address in their platforms are considered. Cloud service providers must make certain that all security mechanisms are in place to avoid unauthorized access and data breaches. Patients must be kept informed about how their data are being managed.

K. Raychoudhuri and P.Ray, “Privacy Challenges in the Use of eHealth Systems for Public Health Management”, International Journal of E-Health and Medical Communications (IJEHMC), vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 12-23, April-June 2010. 
Privacy is a major issue in information management for public health needs. For example, the surveillance of infectious diseases, such as HIV, is an important function of public health and it presents major privacy concerns for affected people. While their privacy must be protected, privacy concerns should not come in the way of effective data collection and surveillance. In this paper, the authors present a survey of published work covering privacy challenges in the use of eHealth systems, especially in the context of public health management. The authors identify and present the major privacy challenges, and their effects on personal patient privacy and public health management, based on the review of research in electronic data privacy and eHealth privacy. The authors also present a survey of privacy-preserving technologies and solutions that address these challenges.

Topic: Cellular Communications for eHealth

Applicability of existing ETSI and ETSI/3GPPTM deliverables to eHealth” ETSI Standard Number SR 002 564 
This Special Report (SR) has been produced by the Advisory Committee Operational Co-ordination Group (OCG). This document defines which ETSI and ETSI/3GPP deliverables are applicable to the eHealth domain and identify gaps where there is a need for future standardization work. It provides an outline architecture to identify relevant standards, standardization activities and stakeholders interests that may be relevant to the eHealth area. However, the investigation of the status of standards in other organizations, and the identification of necessary External Relationships will be the task of the ETSI Technical Body and is not covered under the scope of the present document.