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New and revised manuscripts should be prepared following the manuscript submission guidelines below and submitted to the online manuscript system, ScholarOne Manuscripts. Do not send original submissions or revisions directly to the Editor-in-Chief or Associate Editors; they will access your manuscript electronically via the Manuscript Central system.

If necessary, create an account in the on-line submission system ScholarOne Manuscripts at Please check first if you already have an existing account which is based on your e-mail address and may have been created for you when you reviewed or authored a previous paper.

Papers should be concisely written and be submitted in a single-column double-spaced format in 12-point font and cannot be longer than 30 pages including text, tables, and figures.. Authors are required to upload the double-spaced single-column version of the manuscript as a PDF file. Please include a 75- to 200-word concise yet comprehensive abstract which includes a few keywords or phrases that will help readers to find it. Revised papers are limited to 32 pages.

Authors are required to prepare manuscripts employing the on-line style files developed by IEEE, which include guidelines for abbreviations, mathematics, and graphics. All manuscripts accepted for publication will require the authors to make final submission employing these style files. Authors can download a LaTeX template for their submission. Please use the templates under the title “Templates for Communications Society Journals.”

Proofread your submission, confirming that all figures and equations are visible in your uploaded document and that there are no font or graphics issues before you submit your manuscript.

Please upload PDF versions of all items in the reference list that are not publicly available, such as unpublished (submitted) papers. Graphical abstracts and supplemental materials intended to appear with the final paper (see below) must also be uploaded for review at the time of the initial submission for consideration in the review process. Use short filenames without spaces or special characters. When the upload of each file is completed, you will be asked to provide a description of that file.

After uploading all files and proofreading them, submit your manuscript by clicking "Submit." A confirmation of the successful submission will open on-screen containing the manuscript tracking number and will be followed with an e-mail confirmation to the corresponding and all contributing authors.

The authors will be billed US$220 per each page in excess of the first 10 published pages.

English language editing services can help refine the language of your article and reduce the risk of rejection without review. IEEE authors are eligible for discounts at several language editing services; visit the IEEE Author Center to learn more. Please note these services are fee-based and do not guarantee acceptance.