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Submission Guidelines

Transactions Papers should be concisely written and be submitted in two-column format (a two-column page is defined as a 7.875″ x 10.75″ page with 9.5-point type and 11.5-point vertical spacing) and cannot be longer than 18 pages including text, tables, and figures. Revised papers are limited to 18 pages. Figures must be used sparingly and repetitive patterns or results omitted. Authors can download a LaTeX template for their submission. Submitted manuscripts significantly exceeding these guidelines will be returned to the authors for revision before being reviewed. It is essential that each manuscript be accompanied by a 75- to 200-word abstract clearly outlining the scope and contributions of the paper and a list of up to five keywords should be included on the manuscript. The list of IEEE keywords is available by sending an email message to All papers should be written in English. Introductory discussion should be kept at a minimum and material published elsewhere should be referenced rather than reproduced or paraphrased. Authors should strive for maximum clarity of expression, bearing in mind that the purpose of publication is the dissemination of technical knowledge and that an excessively complex or poorly written presentation can only obscure the significance of the work described. Care should be taken in the organization of the material such that contributions of the work and a logical, consistent progression of thought are evident. It is strongly suggested that material which is not essential to the continuity of the text (e.g., proofs, derivations, or calculations) be placed in Appendixes.

Two part papers that cannot each stand on their own merits will not be considered for publication. Papers should not include “Part I” or “Part II” in their title.

To enhance the appearance of your article on IEEEXplore®, a graphical abstract can be displayed along with traditional text. The graphical abstract should provide a clear, visual summary of your article’s findings by means of an image, animation, video, or audio clip.

NOTE: The graphical abstract is considered a part of the technical content of the article, and you must provide it for peer review during the article submission process.

For more information about graphical abstracts and their specifications, please visit the IEEE Author Center website.

Resubmission of Previously Rejected Manuscripts

Authors of manuscripts rejected by IEEE TNSE are allowed to resubmit their manuscripts to IEEE TNSE only once if they wish to do so. At the time of submission, the corresponding author will be asked whether the manuscript is a new submission or a resubmission of a previously rejected IEEE TNSE manuscript. If it is a resubmission of a manuscript previously rejected by IEEE TNSE, the manuscript ID identifying the previous submission must be provided and a point-to-point response addressing the reviewers’ comments must be uploaded. Submissions which do not disclose the connection to a previously rejected IEEE TNSE paper or which do not provide a response to the previous reviews will be rejected without review.

Copyright Form

IEEE TNSE requires, when uploading a camera ready manuscript after acceptance, a signed copy of the IEEE Copyright Form. While submitting your camera ready paper, at the end of the process, after confirming your submission, you will automatically be redirected to a fully digital version of the IEEE Copyright Form. It includes an important feature (the Wizard) that, through a series of questions and replies, determines the author's copyright status and brings the author to the appropriate Form to electronically sign. As an alternative, you can also upload a scanned copy of a signed IEEE Copyright Form as a Supplementary File.

Electronic Submission

Submissions should be made using the IEEE TNSE Web-based editorial processing system at Manuscript Central. Submission instructions, including how to create an author account on the site are available on line. Submissions in Portable Document Format (PDF) are accepted. When printed, the manuscript must satisfy all the page and figure count guidelines noted above. In addition, the author will be asked to provide (i) the name, email, and contact information of all the authors; (ii) the manuscript category; and (iii) the title and a text-only version of the abstract. Only electronic submissions that conform to the respective guidelines will be accepted for review.

All authors should have company clearance before submission. Submitted papers are assumed to contain no proprietary material unprotected by patent or patent application; responsibility for technical content and for protection of proprietary material rests solely with the author(s) and their organizations and is not the responsibility of the IEEE or its Editorial Staff. The format of papers submitted to the IEEE TNSE should follow IEEE editorial and typographical standards, as described in "Information for IEEE Authors," available on request from the IEEE Transactions/Journals Department, 445 Hoes Lane, Piscataway, NJ 08855-1331 USA or by email to

Open Access Option

Please note that you have the option to make your article "open-access", i.e. available to non-subscribers of IEEE Xplore. Effective 1 January 2019, IEEE's open access article processing charge (APC) for all hybrid journals has increased from US$1950 to US$2045. This affects all articles that are accepted on or after 1 January 2019; articles accepted 31 December 2018 or earlier will retain the US$1950 rate. IEEE staff will update Information for Author PDFs and the submission guidelines on If you wish for your article to be open access, please send your request to Note that this fee is in addition to any overlength page charges you may be assessed.

More information about IEEE open access policy may be found at the IEEE Open website.


All IEEE publications require an Open Researcher and Contributor ID (ORCID) for all authors. ORCID is a persistent unique identifier for researchers and functions similarly to an article’s Digital Object Identifier (DOI). ORCIDs enable accurate attribution and improved discoverability of an author’s published work. To create an ORCID, please visit ORCID website. The author will need a registered ORCID in order to submit a manuscript or review a proof in this journal.

Follow these steps to link a ScholarOne account to a registered ORCID:

  1. Login to ScholarOne and click on your name in the top right corner of the screen.
  2. Click E-mail / Name in the dropdown menu.
  3. In the ORCID section at the top of the page, click the appropriate link to either register for a new ORCID or associate the account with an existing ORCID.
  4. A new page will open to create and/or validate your ORCID. Once the validation is complete, the new page will close and you will return to ScholarOne.
  5. Save the changes to your ScholarOne user account.

Authors who do not have an ORCID in their ScholarOne user account will be prompted to provide one during submission.

For more information on ORCID please visit the IEEE Support Center.

Page Charge Policy

After a manuscript has been accepted for publication, the author's company or institution will be requested to pay a page charge of US$110.00 per printed Transactions page, for the first ten pages of a paper, to cover part of the cost of the publication. Payment of page charges for this IEEE Transactions (in keeping with journals of other professional societies) is not a prerequisite for publication. All papers submitted before June 16, 2019 that are accepted for publication are subject to a mandatory page charge of US$220.00 for each Transactions page exceeding twelve printed pages. All papers submitted on and after June 16, 2019 that are accepted for publication are subject to a mandatory page charge of US$220.00 for each Transactions page exceeding ten printed pages.

Policy on Plagiarism

All authors must comply with the IEEE Policy on Plagiarism and the IEEE Electronic Posting Policy. In addition to the IEEE policies, pre-publication author misconduct, such as double-submission or plagiarism, will result in immediate rejection of the manuscript(s), and a minimum 6 month ban on submissions to IEEE ComSoc publications by the author(s).

Consent of Co-Authors

The corresponding author of a paper accepts the responsibility for obtaining the consent from all co-authors to be designated, as such as well as their approval of all submitted, revised, and final versions of the manuscript. Failure to do so will result in immediate rejection of the manuscript and may draw further punishment from IEEE.

Guidelines for Author Supplied Electronic Text and Graphics

English language editing services can help refine the language of your article and reduce the risk of rejection without review. IEEE authors are eligible for a 10% discount at American Journal Experts; visit the American Journal Experts website to learn more. Please note these services are fee-based and do not guarantee acceptance.